Student Achievement on the Concepts of Light and Shadow in Different Assessment Formats: Students’ Learning Styles and Gender

  • Uygar KANLI Gazi University
  • Ömer ILICAN The Republic of Turkey Ministry of National Education
Keywords: Assessment formats, Gender, Learning styles, Light and Shadow, Science Achievement


This study was conducted to examine the achievements of students in the concept of light and shadow measured in different assessment formats according to the learning style and gender. In this study, correlational survey model was used. The sample consisted of 10th grade (16 years) high school students (n=815) in Turkey by using stratified random sampling method among from different types of six high schools (public general and vocational). The students' achievement was determined using three different assessment formats, which contains open-ended test, multiple-choice test and structured communication grid test. The results show that there were significant differences were determined between the students’ achievement in light and shadow subjects assessed by different assessment formats. While the achievement of boys was statistically higher in open-ended tests, girls were more successful in the structured communication grid tests. In addition, the test scores obtained by students in different test formats vary significantly according to their learning styles. For example, the mean scores of converger and accommodator-style students in open-ended tests were significantly different from the diverger-style students.